Hydroponic Garlic Production: An Overview

Keywords: climate change, garlic, hydroponic production


  • Introduction: Garlic is an important crop growing all around the globe for its nutritional and medicinal purpose. Due to climate change soil production of garlic is affected and thus lower in yield. For improving the yield and increasing the quality of vegetables a new technique was developed is called hydroponic technology.
  • Review results: In hydroponic, garlic can be produced on condition basis by providing proper nutrition and growth environment including air, light, soilless mediums, and water requirements. Methods like deep water culture, nutrient film technique, drip irrigation, bubble ponics are very common under different soilless mediums which includes organic, inorganic and synthetic. A detailed overview on production technology, nutrition, medium and hydroponic techniques which are discussed in details are given below in this review.


Download data is not yet available.


Bachmann, J., & Hinman, T. (2008). Garlic: Organic production. National Center for Appropriate Technology (NCAT). A Publication of ATTRA, 1-28 p. http://michaeljbowe.com/TSG/SG/SF_00202.pdf.

Baras, T. (2018). DIY hydroponic gardens: How to design and build an inexpensive system for growing plants in water. United States: Cool Springs Press.

Barus, N. S. B., Sony, S., Salman, S., Mahmudi, M., & Sunartaty, R. (2018). Uji Toksisitas Subakut Ekstrak Daun Tembakau (Nicotiana Tabacum L.) Yang Difermentasi Terhadap Gambaran Histologi Organ Vital Mencit (Mus Musculus). Jurnal Stikna, 2(2).

Bhattarai, S. P., Pendergast, L., & Midmore, D. J. (2006). Root aeration improves yield and water use efficiency of tomato in heavy clay and saline soils. Scientia Horticulturae, 108(3), 278-288. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2006.02.011.

Bindhya, B. N., Murugan, R. J., & Thomas, U. C. (2020). Hydroponics: A potential agrarian future. In Advances in Agronomy, vol. 13. p.136. India: AkiNik Publications.

Borlinghaus, J., Albrecht, F., Gruhlke, M. C., Nwachukwu, I. D., & Slusarenko, A. J. (2014). Allicin: chemistry and biological properties. Molecules, 19(8), 12591-12618. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules190812591.

Casado, F. J., López, A., Rejano, L., Sánchez, A. H., & Montaño, A. (2004). Nutritional composition of commercial pickled garlic. European Food Research and Technology, 219(4), 355-359. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-004-1003-5.

Conn, S. J., Hocking, B., Dayod, M., Xu, B., Athman, A., Henderson, S., Aukett, L., Conn, V., Shearer, M. K., Fuentes, S., Tyerman, S. D., & Gilliham, M. (2013). Protocol: optimising hydroponic growth systems for nutritional and physiological analysis of Arabidopsis thaliana and other plants. Plant Methods, 9(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1186/1746-4811-9-4.

Dasopang, E. S., Hasanah, F., Fauziah, I., Salman, S., & Bakri, T. K. (2020). Potential side effects of medicine on patients with tuberculosis fixed-dose combination in dr. Pirngadi Hospital, Medan. Jurnal Natural, 20(1), 10-14.

Deppe, C. (2010). The resilient gardener: Food production and self-reliance in uncertain times. United States: Chelsea Green Publishing.

Folorunso, E. A., Roy, K., Gebauer, R., Bohatá, A., & Mraz, J. (2021). Integrated pest and disease management in aquaponics: A metadata‐based review. Reviews in Aquaculture, 13(2), 971-995. https://doi.org/10.1111/raq.12508.

Godfray, H. C. J., Beddington, J. R., Crute, I. R., Haddad, L., Lawrence, D., Muir, J. F., Pretty, J., Robinson, S., Thomas, S. M., & Toulmin, C. (2010). Food security: the challenge of feeding 9 billion people. Science, 327(5967), 812-818. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1185383.

Government of Punjab. (2019). Garlic production plan 2019-20. Directorate of Agricultural Information. Government of Punjab, Pakistan.

Gray, L. (2019). Lighting and economic considerations for a hydroponic S-based greenhouse at tri cycle farms. Undergraduate Theses. Department: Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, United States. https://scholarworks.uark.edu/baeguht/58/.

Halleck, L. F. (2018). Gardening under lights: The complete guide for indoor growers. Portland, United States: Timber Press Inc.

Lawande, K. E., Khar, A., Mahajan, V., Srinivas, P. S., Sankar, V., & Singh, R. P. (2009). Onion and garlic research in India. Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 4(2), 91-119. https://jhs.iihr.res.in/index.php/jhs/article/view/527.

Lissiman, E., Bhasale, A. L., & Cohen, M. (2014). Garlic for the common cold (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 11, 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD006206.pub4.

Morihara, N., Nishihama, T., Ushijima, M., Ide, N., Takeda, H., & Hayama, M. (2007). Garlic as an anti‐fatigue agent. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, 51(11), 1329-1334. https://doi.org/10.1002/mnfr.200700062.

Morris, J. L. (2001). Composition and flavonoid levels in onions (Allium cepa) grown in hydroponics in greenhouses and growth chambers. Theses. Texas Tech University, Lubbock, United States. https://ttu-ir.tdl.org/handle/2346/19319.

Müller, N. T., Gerson, R. D. L., Nascimento, G. C., & Daniels, J. (2000). 334 Meristem isolation of garlic (Allium sativum L.) cultivars Sao Marcos and Sao Valentim. HortScience, 35(3), 449D-449. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.35.3.449D.

Nabhan, G. P. (2013). Growing food in a hotter, drier land: lessons from desert farmers on adapting to climate uncertainty. White River Junction, United States: Chelsea Green Publishing.

Naznin, M, T., Kitaya, Y., Shibuya, T., & Hirai, H. (2009). Development of hydroponic culture system for producing garlic and determination of ajoene concentration. Eco-Engineering, 21(4), 147-152. https://doi.org/10.11450/seitaikogaku.21.147.

Paek, K. Y., Chakrabarty, D., & Hahn, E. J. (2005). Application of bioreactor systems for large scale production of horticultural and medicinal plants. In Liquid culture systems for in vitro plant propagation (pp. 95-116). Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-3200-5_6.

Pardossi, A., Carmassi, G., Diara, C., Incrocci, L., Maggini, R., & Massa, D. (2011). Fertigation and substrate management in closed soilless culture. EUPHOROS Report, 64p. https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=

Platt, E. S. (2003). Garlic, onion, & other alliums. Mechanicsburg, United States: Stackpole Books.

Prayoga, I., & Putra, R. A. (2020). Hydroponic technology in agriculture industry. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 879, 012130.

Resh, H. M. (2012). Hydroponic food production: a definitive guidebook for the advanced home gardener and the commercial hydroponic grower. Florida, United States: CRC Press.

Rivlin, R. S. (2001). Historical perspective on the use of garlic. The Journal of Nutrition, 131(3), 951S-954S. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/131.3.951S.

Saleem, A. (2018). EIA for the proposed agricultural development at N. Maafunafaru. Project Synopsis. http://saruna.mnu.edu.mv/jspui/handle/123456789/3027.

Saleha, S.; Salman; Saiful. (2013). Preparation and characterization edible film packaging from carrageenan. In Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University-Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter (Vol. 3, No. 3).

Shwerif, N. (2014). Effects of temperature regimes under low light conditions on growth rate and phytochemical composition of lettuce and carrot plants. Theses. Newcastle University, United Kingdom. https://theses.ncl.ac.uk/jspui/handle/10443/2390.

Singh, D., & Sharma, R. R. (2018). Postharvest diseases of fruits and vegetables and their management. In Postharvest disinfection of fruits and vegetables (pp. 1-52). Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-812698-1.00001-7.

Smith, M. R., Rao, I. M., & Merchant, A. (2018). Source-sink relationships in crop plants and their influence on yield development and nutritional quality. Frontiers in Plant Science, 9, 1889. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.01889.

Suardi, M., Wangi, Q. A., Salman, Zaini, E., & Akmal, D. (2016). Microencapsulation of verapamil hydrochloride using poly (3-hidroxybutyrate) as coating materials by solvent evaporation method. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical Biological and Chemical Sciences, 7(1), 1725-1732.

Sulaiman, T. N. S., & Sulaiman, S. (2020). Eksipien Untuk Pembuatan Tablet Dengan Metode Kempa Langsung. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Sciences, 3(2), 64-76.

Suleria, H. A. R., Butt, M. S., Khalid, N., Sultan, S., Raza, A., Aleem, M., & Abbas, M. (2015). Garlic (Allium sativum): diet based therapy of 21st century–a review. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease, 5(4), 271-278. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2222-1808(14)60782-9.

Tank, J. L., Reisinger, A. J., & Rosi, E. J. (2017). Nutrient limitation and uptake. In Methods in Stream Ecology (pp. 147-171). Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-813047-6.00009-7.

Vinci, G., & Rapa, M. (2019). Hydroponic cultivation: life cycle assessment of substrate choice. British Food Journal, 121(8), 1801-1812. https://doi.org/10.1108/BFJ-02-2019-0112.

Zarezadeh, M., Baluchnejadmojarad, T., Kiasalari, Z., Afshin-Majd, S., & Roghani, M. (2017). Garlic active constituent s-allyl cysteine protects against lipopolysaccharide-induced cognitive deficits in the rat: Possible involved mechanisms. European Journal of Pharmacology, 795, 13-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2016.11.051.

How to Cite
Ali, M. F., Ali, U., Jamil, M. A., Awais, M., Khan, M. J., Waqas, M., & Adnan, M. (2021). Hydroponic Garlic Production: An Overview. Agrinula : Jurnal Agroteknologi Dan Perkebunan, 4(1), 73-93. https://doi.org/10.36490/agri.v4i1.138

Most read articles by the same author(s)