Use of Bamboo Vinegar as an Alternative to Control Downy Mildew in Maize

  • Muhammad Habibullah Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Tidar, Magelang 56116, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia
  • Danes Suhendra Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Tidar, Magelang 56116, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia
Keywords: controlling, downy mildew, induced resistance, maize

Abstract

  • Introduction: Downy mildew control using pesticides has been used intensively and led to the onset of resistant strains. This research aims to find out the effect of bamboo vinegar administration on disease incidence, disease severity, disease progression, and growth of maize.
  • Materials and Methods: This research was conducted from June to August 2020 in the laboratory and Screenhouse of the Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Tidar. The experiment was experimentally conducted using a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of 3 treatments with 6. are plants. In each polybag used there are 3 maize so there are 54 plants tested. The treatment tested is of bamboo vinegar and maydis (negative control), of bamboo vinegar with inoculation P. maydis (positive control), application bamboo vinegar 2 ml l-1 with inoculation P. maydis. Observations on the agronomic influence of maize covering height, , and dry weight were analyzed using ANOVA at a significance of 5% followed by LSD test at the same real level using software R v. 4.0.2.
  • Results: Bamboo vinegar showed lignification in the treatment of stronger bamboo vinegar in corn leaf tissue, did not decrease in disease incidence, but decreased the disease severity by 22.18% and decreased disease the progression by 34.74% based on AUDPC value. The growth of maize, bamboo vinegar-treated shows values are not significant negative control.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Agrios. G. N. (2005). Plant Pathology (5th ed). Academic Press., San Diego.

Ambarwati, N., Subagiya, & NS, Y. P. (2013). Efektifitas cuka kayu sebagai pestisida nabati dalam pengendalian hama Crocidolomia pavonana dan zat perangsang tumbuh pada sawi. Agrosains: Jurnal Penelitian Agronomi, 15(1), 17–20. https://doi.org/10.20961/agsjpa.v15i1.18988.

Asmawati, L. (2016). Induksi ketahanan jagung terhadap penyakit bulai dengan jamur Trichoderma spp. Tesis. Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Conrath, U., Pieterse, C. M. J., & Mauch-Mani, B. (2002). Priming in plant–pathogen interactions. Trends in Plant Science 7(5), 210–216. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1360-1385(02)02244-6.

Fadel, F., Magdy, E. N., Sobhi, T., & Gamal, F. (2006). Induction of disease resistance by salicylic acid, sodium benzoat and potassium monophosphate against ustilago maydis in maize plants. 4th International Plant Protection Symposium at Debrecen University. Proceedings 240-250. Diakses dari https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/20123408761.

Faoro, F., Maffi, D., Cantu, D., & Iriti, M. (2008). Chemical-induced resistance against powdery mildew in barley: the effects of chitosan and benzothiadiazole. BioControl, 53, 387-401. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10526-007-9091-3.

Habibbullah, M. (2017). Induksi ketahanan tanaman jagung terhadap penyakit bulai menggunakan bahan kimia. Tesis. Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Habibullah, M., Widiastuti, A., & Sumardiyono, C. (2018). Respons awal ketahanan jagung terhadap Peronosclerospora maydis dan induksi bahan kimia. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia, 22(1), 27-32. https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.26877.

He, C. Y., Hsiang, T., & Wolyn, D. J. (2002). Induction of systemic disease resistance and pathogen defence responses in Asparagus officinalis inoculated with nonpathogenic strains of Fusarium oxysporum. Plant Pathology, 51(2), 225-230. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3059.2002.00682.x.

Narayanasamy, P. (2002). Microbial plant pathogens and crop disease management. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore, India.Science Publishers, Inc.

Semangun, H. (2004). Penyakit-penyakit tanaman pangan di Indonesia. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.

Sumardiyono, C. (2008). Ketahanan jamur terhadap pestisida di Indonesia. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia, 14(1), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.11869.

Vance, C. P., Kirk, T. K., & Sherwood, R. T. (1980). Lignification as a mechanism of disease resistance. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 18, 259-288. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.py.18.090180.001355.

Published
2020-10-04
How to Cite
Habibullah, M., & Suhendra, D. (2020). Use of Bamboo Vinegar as an Alternative to Control Downy Mildew in Maize. Agrinula : Jurnal Agroteknologi Dan Perkebunan, 3(2), 65-72. https://doi.org/10.36490/agri.v3i2.100